How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?
Resources I have had glasses thrown at me. I have been whipped, kicked and thrown, picked up and thrown down again. I have been slapped for saying something about politics, having a different view about religion, for swearing, for crying, for wanting to have intercourse. I have been threatened when I wouldn’t do something I was told to do. Bringing an end to domestic violence is especially difficult because the men who batter us are also the men with whom we have been close or intimate, perhaps the fathers of our children. We may still be bound by strong feelings of love and loyalty. We may remain at home not only because the men physically stop us from leaving but also because we hope that the violent behavior will change. Before I left I used to say, “Yeah, he punched and kicked me, but I’d said something to make him mad. An all-too-common question asked about women who are battered is “Why do they stay? We may feel trapped and unable to leave.
Senior research scientist Alexander Cherkinsky specializes in the preparation of samples for Carbon testing. He directed the pretreatment and processing of the dinosaur bone samples with the Accelerator Mass Spectrometer, though he did not know the bones were from dinosaurs, and he signed the reports. Carbon dating at this facility is certainly the very best. But in , someone told the director of the facility, Jeff Speakman, that the Paleochronology group was showing the Carbon reports on a website and YouTube and drawing the obvious conclusions.
So when he received another bone sample from the Paleochronology group, he returned it to sender and sent an email saying: The scientists at CAIS and I are dismayed by the claims that you and your team have made with respect to the age of the Earth and the validity of biological evolution.
WFI are one of Australia’s leading providers of business insurance, farm insurance & strata insurance. Learn more about our insurance products here.
Clayton A milk bar at Rosebank Avenue sold on a tight 1. Dandenong South A machinery supplies business has moved from renter to property owner, purchasing a sq m warehouse at 28 Mark Anthony Drive. The meal service provider committed to a five-year term on a sq m facility with high-clearance warehouse, corporate office and cool room at Westgate Drive. The label’s studio, warehouse and head office is in Myrtleford and it has other stores in Beechworth and Brunswick Street.
The retailer trades Italian accessories through a network of 15 stores in Australia under the Furla Group. Dingley Village Black Phoenix One, which trades as skateboarding company Fast Times and has seven outlets across Australia, has leased a sq m office warehouse at 11 Garden Boulevard.
Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale
The assumption that the geologic column is a base from which to calibrate the C dates is not wise. With a half-life of only years, carbon dating has nothing to do with dating the geological ages! Whether by sloppiness or gross ignorance, Dr. Hovind is confusing the carbon “clock” with other radiometric “clocks. Being ancient, the C content has long since decayed away and that makes it useful in “zeroing” laboratory instruments.
Dating growth strata and basin fill by combining 26 Al/ 10 Be burial dating and magnetostratigraphy: Constraining active deformation in the Pamir–Tian Shan convergence zone, NW China Jessica Ann Thompson Jobe. Jessica Ann Thompson Jobe.
Just over a half mile one way. Unless you get lost, then it will be considerably more. Blue rectangular blazes on the trees. Chestnut Ridge Park contains numerous trails, but here we are concentrating on the main trail that leads directly to Eternal Flame Falls. From the parking area and the park trail map, head into the woods this part of the trail is an old road and soon you will come across a kiosk containing a description of the trail and falls.
Near this kiosk is a downed and rotting redwood tree, a species unusual for this region. This marks the trail-head to Eternal Flame Falls, follow the blue rectangular wooden blocks nailed to the trees.
Carbon , Radiometric Dating and Index Fossils Carbon dating is used to determine the age of biological artifacts up to 50, years old. This technique is widely used on recent artifacts, but educators and students alike should note that this technique will not work on older fossils like those of the dinosaurs alleged to be millions of years old. This technique is not restricted to bones; it can also be used on cloth, wood and plant fibers. Carbon dating has been used successfully on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Minoan ruins and tombs of the pharaohs among other things.
Horseshoe Canyon Formations exposed in Horseshoe Canyon near Drumheller , Alberta At a certain locality on the Earth’s surface, the rock column provides a cross section of the natural history in the area during the time covered by the age of the rocks. This is sometimes called the rock history and gives a window into the natural history of the location that spans many geological time units such as ages, epochs, or in some cases even multiple major geologic periods —for the particular geographic region or regions.
The geologic record is in no one place entirely complete  for where geologic forces one age provide a low-lying region accumulating deposits much like a layer cake, in the next may have uplifted the region, and the same area is instead one that is weathering and being torn down by chemistry, wind, temperature, and water. This is to say that in a given location, the geologic record can be and is quite often interrupted as the ancient local environment was converted by geological forces into new landforms and features.
However using broadly occurring deposited layers trapped within differently located rock columns, geologists have pieced together a system of units covering most of the geologic time scale using the law of superposition, for where tectonic forces have uplifted one ridge newly subject to erosion and weathering in folding and faulting the strata, they have also created a nearby trough or structural basin region that lies at a relative lower elevation that can accumulate additional deposits.
By comparing overall formations, geologic structures and local strata, calibrated by those layers which are widespread, a nearly complete geologic record has been constructed since the 17th century. Discordant strata example[ edit ] USGS correlation diagram Correcting for discordancies can be done in a number of ways and utilizing a number of technologies or field research results from studies in other disciplines. In this example, the study of layered rocks and the fossils they contain is called biostratigraphy and utilizes amassed geobiology and paleobiological knowledge.
Fossils can be used to recognize rock layers of the same or different geologic ages , thereby coordinating locally occurring geologic stages to the overall geologic timeline. The pictures of the fossils of monocellular algae in this USGS figure were taken with a scanning electron microscope and have been magnified times. Comparing the record about the discordance in the record to the full rock column shows the non-occurrence of the missing species and that portion of the local rock record, from the early part of the middle Eocene is missing there.
This is one form of discordancy and the means geologists use to compensate for local variations in the rock record. With the two remaining marker species it is possible to correlate rock layers of the same age early Eocene and latter part of the middle Eocene in both South Carolina and Virginia, and thereby “calibrate” the local rock column into its proper place in the overall geologic record.
Radiometric Dating and the Geological Time Scale
There are lots of ways to guesstimate ages, and geologists knew the earth was old a long time ago and I might add that they were mostly Christian creationist geologists. But they didn’t know how old. Radiometric dating actually allows the measurement of absolute ages, and so it is deadly to the argument that the earth cannot be more than 10, years old. Radiometric methods measure the time elapsed since the particular radiometric clock was reset. Radiocarbon dating, which is probably best known in the general public, works only on things that were once alive and are now dead.
correlative conformity. forced regression. hiatus. sequence. sequence boundary. type 1 sequence boundary. type 2 sequence boundary. A surface of erosion or non-deposition separating younger strata from older rocks, along which there is evidence of subaerial erosional truncation (and, in some areas, correlative submarine erosion) or subaerial exposure, with a significant hiatus indicated.
Even the very best managers that I deal with agree that the cowboy managers out there in strata-land are there are a few of them are spoiling the industry. Consumer Affairs Victoria has legislation all drawn up to clean up the industry to introduce much-needed regulations and reforms. However, this legislation has been collecting dust on the bookshelf at Exhibition Street for the past 3 years.
The current government has seen fit to delay the introduction of these reforms until at least when the Owners Corporation Act reforms are introduced. It remains to be seen as to whether these reforms will even be introduced prior to or after the next election, and if the current government is returned by the people of Victoria. In the meantime, Owners Corporations will just have to continue muddling through.
I advise my clients that a building is only as good as its building manager, cleaning staff and OC Manager. Pretty simple stuff really, huh? A good place to start will be the source documents and the standing delegations to the manager that would have been provided by the developer at the First Annual General Meeting FAGM or by a earlier Committee decision.
The OC Managers contract which should be in the approved form will contain the schedule of duties that the OC Manager must perform to earn the base fee. The contract will also contain the duties that Manager shall perform for an additional hourly rate. Committees should also take care to review the Minutes of the FAGMs and any early Committee meetings where the developer controlled the Committee, as the minutes of these meetings will likely specify the standing delegations if any that have been provided to the OC Manager.
If those delegations stretch too far or not far enough as the case may be then these can be reviewed at the next AGM for the building. The terms of appointment, and the procedure for automatic rollovers and extensions should also be well understood by the Committee.
References Life on the planet started astonishingly early. The first living organisms, in the current model of evolution, are thought to be Prokaryotes1. The oldest known fossilised prokaryotes have been dated to approximately 3. Eukaryotes2 are more advanced organisms with complex cell structures, each of which contains a nucleus. Although incredibly hard to determine their origin, they are thought to have developed 1.
Animals4, in the most basic sense of the word, are considered to have evolved from Eukaryotes.
dating the strata Objectives. In their study of stratigraphy, students will use an activity sheet to: interpret archaeological strata using the law of superposition;Stratigraphy is a branch of geology that studies rock strata with an emphasis on distribution, deposition, age and evidence of past life.
Blog Strontium Isotope Dating StrataData has for many years offered a strontium isotope dating service to the petroleum industry in collaboration with Isotopic Ltd. Careful selection and preparation of material by experienced StrataData staff is key to the success of this technique. This is matched by world class analysis at one of a number of laboratories. Converting the results of analyses to numerical ages is achieved using a unique Global Strontium Seawater Curve.
Application Most suitable for dating marine sediments containing unaltered biogenic material e. It is also possible to use whole rock samples carbonates, dolomitised carbonates and evaporites for analysis providing any diagenesis was early.
For more information on pabs benefits. If you believe in predictive, quantifiable science, then you cannot believe in 1. And of course well before the billion year age of the earth was debunked. Review of relative dating The large numbers of these po halo finds do indicate very quick changes in decay rates and that the rocks. The front page of the internet. Please include a link to this page if you have found this material useful for research or writing a related article.
Many strata are not dated from fossils. Relative dates of strata (whether layers are older or younger than others) are determined mainly by which strata are above others. Some strata are dated absolutely via radiometric dating. These methods are sufficient to determine a great deal of stratigraphy.
Exxon group modified this definition to “a surface separating younger from older strata , along which there is evidence of subaerial erosional truncation and, in some areas, correlative submarine erosion or subaerial exposure, with a significant hiatus indicated” or downdip correlative conformities marking a hiatus in sedimentation Vail, et al.
Catuneanu and Hunt and Tucker suggest the correlative conformity forms on the paleo-sea floor at the end of forced regression and correlates with the seaward termination of the subaerial unconformity. He sees the surface as the result of fluvial erosion or bypass, pedogenesis, wind degradation and related to the stages of base-level fall in the standard sequence stratigraphic models ; stages of transgression e. Angular unconformity at Siccar Point in Scotland. Yellow notebook for scale.
It was at SiccarPoint that James Hutton was heard to remark ca. View this and capture a moment in the history stratigraphic geology when Hutton and Playford visited and saw Sicca Point for the first time. Recent Developments and Applications, vol. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, pp. Catuneanu, Octavian , Sequence Stratigraphy of clastic systems: Reservoir, Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, v.
Tucker, , Stranded parasequence s and the forced regressive wedge systems tract: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 78, — Chronostratigraphic Significance of Seismic Reflections:
Dating The Strata
Geology[ edit ] The regular order of occurrence of fossils in rock layers was discovered around by William Smith. While digging the Somerset Coal Canal in southwest England, he found that fossils were always in the same order in the rock layers. As he continued his job as a surveyor , he found the same patterns across England.
Relative dates of strata (whether layers are older or younger than others) are determined mainly by which strata are above others. Some strata are dated absolutely via radiometric dating. These methods are sufficient to determine a great deal of stratigraphy. Some fossils are seen to occur only in certain strata.
This article will explain how carbon dating is supposed to work and then show you the serious flaws with this process. It is derived from a transcript of Dr. His videos and materials are not copyrighted. Carbon dating was not invented until When the schools started to teach that the earth is billions of years old, back in , the reasoning was not because of carbon dating. Carbon dating had not even been thought of yet. Billions of years are needed to make the evolution theory look good.
Without billions of years to hide in, the theory looks absolutely ridiculous.